If you spend much time browsing the internet, you will notice how radically recipes vary. For example, one finds water to detergent ratios of (by volume) anywhere from 1 to 1 to 20 to 1 -- usually, however, you don't get to see the solution in action or know how it compares to other solutions. At this Wiki, we are trying to engage (as much as possible) in fact-based postings. When adding recipes provide as much information as you can about your water quality and how you use the solution -- and add pictures or link to movies.
It is quite possible that the radical variations that people recommend are because of variations in local atmospheric conditions (a solution that works well in a locale with high humidity may not work well in a locale with dry air) and water quality. While tap water seems to work as well as (or better than) distilled water in most recipes in most locales, some recipes may be more sensitive to the qualities of the water than others.
As time goes on, we hope to document (in other articles) the relative characteristics of different detergents and even different tap waters in the hope of determining whether there is a way to predict whether one should be using tap or distilled water for a partciular recipe.
If you try a recipe, please add a comment to indicate its success or failure or any adjustments that you found beneficial.
A Basic Big Bubble Recipe (Edward Spiegel, June 2010)EditThis is a reliable big bubble recipe that seems to perform as well as (if not better) than many commercial big bubble formulations. The video clip shows bubbles created with this solution on a day when the conditions were not particularly conducive to bubbling (humidity 50% or less and quite a bit of wind). This bubble juice seems easy to use for first time bubblers.
There are even better recipes out there, but this works great as you can see in the video.
- 8 to 12 cups tap water (I am on the SF Bay Peninsula which has pretty good water although the pH is about 9.1). I used 8 cups when brewing up the solution used in the videos. But I have found that you can use up to 12 cups of water. With the additional water, it can be a little trickier to get the bubbles to close. The colors may be somewhat better in the more dilute solution.
- 1 cup Dawn Ultra dish detergent
- 3.5 grams SurgiLube
- 1 gram J-Lube
NOTE: I have created -- per Brian Lawrence's recommendations on SBF, the Soap Bubble Fanciers Yahoo Group -- a pre-mixed lube solution that is 16 ounces water + 16 grams J-Lube powder + 2 oz (by weight) of SurgiLube). So, I actually added 33 grams of this premix to the solution. You can probably substitute a KY-style personal lubricant (generic knockoffs are fine) if you can't find SurgiLube (which can be found at medical supply stores). J-Lube can be found on the web and at veterinary supply stores that provide supplies for livestock care (it is used as an obstetric lubricant for birthing horses and cows and the like).
This can probably be diluted somewhat more. I have found that reducing the lube quantities results in a solution that is a bit more difficult to bubble with. If you can't find the J-Lube or Surgilube, try using KY personal lubricant (which you can find in just about any large grocery store or drugstore). You might need to increase the amount of KY.
I will try to experiment with more readily available ingredients and post back the results.
A Simple Recipe That Creates a Lot of Bubbles with Small WandsEdit
This recipe uses only ingredients that should be easy to find locally. Glycerin can be found at WalMart or Whole Foods and in most health food stores. This bubble juice is good but not as good as recipes that make use of J-Lube. It is appropriate for small wands and medium-sized rigid wands (with loops up to about 5 or 6 inches in diamater) and small to medium-size tri-string wands (tri-strings with top strings up to about 30 inches or so).
The concentrated, undiluted version of the recipe is really only appropriate for using with small wands (it is great with the little plastic wands that come in small bottles of bubble juice) as it is very very viscous and too messy for using with larger wands (and too expensize, too). But it is great with those small wands. You will get many many many very color bubbles per dip.
For using it with other types of wands and larger plastic wands, you can dilute the concentrate. When used as concentrate, it still creates many colorful bubbles per wand dip (around 20 per dip) when 3 parts water are added to one part concentrate. It will work even more dilute, but the bubbling ease degrades when more than 3 or 4 parts water are added. When used for the Small Wand Test this bubble juice undiluted produces more than 100 bubbles per wand dip. By comparison, Gazillion bubbles, a high-quality commercial solution, averages 20 to 30 bubbles for the same test. For the , Longevity Test the bubbles can last several minutes (compared to less than a minute for most commercial solutions). See it in action in this short video of the Small Wand Test Setup
This is not the best mix possible but it is a very good mix that can be made with ingredients found in almost any well-stocked drug store or supermarket. It can be a little messy because it is so viscous. So, it is best suited for use outdoors.
How you mix the ingredients is important. This recipe is very viscous and the personal lubricant needs to be well mixed for this recipe to work. It is easy to do -- just make sure to follow the direction.
- Measure the personal lubricant into your mixing container.
- Use very hot tap water and pour it into the mixing container that has the lubricant in it.
- Stir the mixture until all the lube is fully blended with the water. The solution should be uniform and fully integrated. If after a minute of stirring it isn't fully integrated, add 1/4 part hot water and stir. It is important that the lube fully integrated/dissolved. Add a little hot water and stir if it is still not integrated. The different brands of lubricant seem to require slightly different amounts of water.
- Mix in the glycerine and stir to fully integrate (without making the mix foamy).
- Mix in the dishwashing liquid.
About the ingredientsEdit
The dishwashing liquid. Dawn Ultra, Dawn Pro Manual Pot & Pan, and Non-Concentrated Classic Dawn have all been used successfully. This recipe will probably work with other dishwashing liquids, too, but I have not used any. If you use this recipe and find it successful, please let us know or add the information to this wiki.
The glycerine. As of June 2010, glycerine can be found at Whole Foods, Walmart, and at most health food stores. It is often much cheaper via online resellers than it is in stores.
The personal lubricant. KY-Jelly or almost any generic knock-off (I have used the generic brands found at Safeway, CVS and Walmart with equally good results.
This concentrate can be used within a few minutes of being mixed. It may improve somewhat with age, but it works great right after it is mixed. When diluted with 3 parts of water, it is still a pretty robust bubbling solution -- at least with small and medium rigid wands. At 5 parts water and one part concentrate, it will still work but it is a bit more finicky. It has been suggested that if you dilute the concentrate that it will improve if left uncovered for 24 to 48 hours although this has not been tested. So, the improvement may be mythical. This mix is a little brittle. It doesn't form long tubes but it is easy to bubble with, and you can do bubbles in bubbles with it.
When diluting the concentrate, use very very warm to hot water to make sure that it fully dissolves/integrates. The concentrate is very viscous and if mixed with cold water, it does not dissolve well (although it will integrate if left for a day or two and turned end-over-end a few times to mix. Being careful to not let it foam up.
A Basic Recipe With Easy-to-Find Ingredients (for medium-sized wands)Edit
This is another recipe (really just a variant of the one above) that is made with ingredients that are generally easy to find locally. If you are just getting started and don't have any J-Lube but you are dying to start making some bubbles with your new homemade tri-string wand, this will get you going. This solution will work better than non-premium commercial bubble mix (most people find it better than Super Miracle Bubbles but not as good as Gazillion or Amazing Bubbles). This will also work well in cheap bubble machines and with small plastic wands.
- 24 to 36 oz water
- 3 oz Dawn Manual Pot & Pan. [This can be found at Smart & FInal and janitorial supplie shops]. If you can't find Dawn Manual Pot & Pan, you can use Ultra Dawn or Ultra Joy, or (even better) Dawn that is marked as 'Non-Ultra' on the back. Dawn 'Non-Ultra' was discontinued a few years ago (this article is being written in Sept. 2010) but still is available in some dollar stores. If using an 'Ultra' detergent, don't use less than this recipe calls for. The ultra detergents don't see to behave as if they are more concentrated when being used for bubble solution.
- 3 oz. KY-Jelly Type lube. Use a generic knock-off such as those from CVS, Safeway, Walmart or Target. They work just as well as KY-Jelly for this use and are much cheaper.
- 1 to 3 oz glycerin [Note Nov. 22, 2011. You can probably leave this out. After a fair amount of testing out in the real world, it seems that glycerine has much less impact on the life of medium to large bubbles outdoors than it does on small bubbles indoors. The bubbles may last somewhat longer in some condition with the glycerin but it doesn't change how easy it is to make the bubbles. And in most cases, there is very little practical effect on bubble longevity when the glycerine is used when making medium to large bubbles.]
The measures above are by weight. However, you can use liquid measure if you don't have a good scale as the weight of 1 liquid ounce of these ingredients is fairly close to 1 ounce.
Mixing instructions: Use 1/2 cup (4 ounces) of hot but not boiling water. (You can use either very hot tap water or heat the water in the microwave). Mix the hot 1/2 cup of water with the lube. Stir vigorously until the lube dissolves/incorporates into the water. Add the detergent and glycerin (if you are using it) and gently stir. You don't want to foam up the mix. Put the remaining water in the bottle or container that you will use for storing the bubble juice. Now, add the detergent/lube/glycerin mix to the bottle cointaining the water. Put the top on the bottle and turn it gently end over end to mix the ingredients. The bubble juice can be used right away, but it will improve if you leave it for a day or two--occasionally turning the bottle end over end--as the KY-Jelly takes a few days to fully hydrate and mix. Some people find that leaving the top off of the container for a few days also makes a difference.
Approx cost per gallon: $11 - $20 per gallon. Detergent $0.72 (9 oz). Lube: about $4.5 to $10 depending on brand (9 oz). Glycerine: $6-$9 (9 ounces)
Brian's Lube Mix aka BLM [an additive for making giant bubbles]Edit
This is a mix that is added to water/detergent to help it make big bubbles (little ones, too).This creates a mixture that is very helpful in creating great bubble juice -- but this mixture is not a bubble juice itself. Brian Lawrence has posted a very useful J-Lube/Surgilube mix that is popular among members of SBF, the Soap Bubble Fanciers Yahoo Group. The recipe is provided below with his permission. Click here to read his posting about the lube mix on SBF, the Soap Bubble Fanciers Yahoo Group. An April 2011 posting on SBF further discusses BLM.
Equipment & IngredientsEdit
A kitchen scale (optional)
A large microwave-safe pitcher or large microwave safe measuring cup
A microwave oven
8 grams J-Lube powder
1 ounce (by weight) Surgilube (this is 28.3 grams)
8 ounces water (Brian uses distilled water but tap water will work well in most locales)
The vessel that you use for microwaving needs to be at least 4 times larger than the amount of liquid. So, if you are using 8 ounces of water, it needs to be able to hold at least 1 quart (or 1 liter). You should also watch carefully and not let it boil over -- as boilovers are VERY messy to clean up.
Pour the water into the microwave-save pitcher/measuring cup
Add the J-Lube powder,
[Optional: weigh the vessel plus its contents and write down the weight]
Place the vessel in the microwave and heat it to boiling.
Boil for 6 more minutes watching carefully to avoid boilovers.
The mix will boil up to 4 times the amount of liquid, so if you're
making a pint, you need a half-gallon-sized pitcher. If it looks
like it's going to boil over, halt the microwave for a few seconds
and then restart it. You do not want to let it boil over--trust me
on this one.
Once boiled, you should now have very hot, perfectly mixed
Let cool to at least 150 degrees F.
Optional: weigh the vessel containing the J-Lube/water solution and add in enough water to replace the water lost during boiling.
Mix in the Surgilube while warm/hot but less than 150 degrees F.
Brian stores the J-Lube in plastic squeeze bottles, labeled with the date
NOTES: To make larger or smaller batches, scale the ingredient amounts
Usage & NotesEdit
1 to 5 ounces (by weight although for most purposes you can use 2 tablespoons as a close approximation since this mix is mostly water) is usually used per gallon of bubble juice. When experimenting with this mix start with 1 ounce per gallon and add more as needed. When too much is added, the bubbles are so self-healing that the slightest air disturbance will break a large bubble into smaller bubbles. Also, the more of this mix that is used the less spherical that the bubbles will tend to be.
If you don't have an accurate scale, 1/4 teaspoon (1.25 ml) of J-Lube powder is about .6 grams. 1 tablespoon of SurgiLube is slightly less than 1/2 solid ounce. The formula is pretty forgiving. So you can use 2 tablespoons (not heaping tablespoons) or 30 ml of Surgilube if you can't weigh it.
This mix will turn almost any dish detergent/water combination (try dilutions from 8 to 12 parts water per 1 part dishwashing liquid) into a pretty good big bubble solution.
Breakdown by percentages (weight):
PEO 0.76% (25% of the J-Lube is PEO)
Sugar 2.28% (non-functional ingredient that is used as a dispersant in J-Lube)
1 av. ounce (28.3 grams) of BLM is made up of: 24.4 grams water, 3 grams Surgilube, 0.22 grams PEO (.88 grams J-Lube), 0.66 grams sugar.
HPMC equivalence (in process). Some preliminary data (experiments in Dec. 2010) indicate that you can substitute 3 grams of Dow K15M HPMC plus 25 grams water for 1 ounce of Surgilube. If using a 1% or 2% HPMC solution, for example, you will want to use enough of the solution to provided the needed HPMC level and reduce the amount of water accordingly.
KY-Jelly and its equivalents (HEC-containing lubes) can be substituted for Surgilube. Some people actually prefer the KY-Jelly version. HEC seems a bit more forgiving and the lubes that contain it are easier to find than Surgilube.
Jumbo Juice (giant bubbles and smaller)Edit
Read the Jumbo Juice article for the recipe of one of the premier giant bubble recipes -- which is also great for small bubbles and bubble sculpture, too.
Sterling's Mix (giant bubbles and smaller)Edit
In the Soap Bubble Fancier's Yahoo group, Sterling Johnson who creates amazing bubbles with just his hands and bubble juice has published his preferred recipe which is reproduced with the author's permission. It is very good at different dilutions for anything from small to large bubbles. It can be used with your hands as the wands or with traditional bubbling equipment.
- 1 part (by volume) - Dawn Hand Renewal Diswashing Liquid
- 1/8 part (by volume) - Dawn Pro Manual Pot & Pan Diswashing Liquid
- 1 part (by volume) - Mr. Bubbles commercial bubble mix or other (see notes) if you can't find Mr. Bubbles
- 1/8 to 1/4 part (by volume) - Glycerine
- Tap Water
- BLM (Brian's Lube Mix -- see above)
Combine the concentrate ingredients. If you can leave it uncovered overnight,it may improve the mix. Combine 1 part of concentrate with 6 parts water. Add BLM at the rate of 1 to 4 ounces per gallon. Sterling notes that he uses a little less than 6 parts water for indoor work.
If you cannot find Mr. Bubbles, Gazillion Bubbles (the one in the green bottles) is a nice substitute. Edward believes that Amazing Bubbles or other solutions from Placo would work well, too. Miracle Bubbles and Super Miracle Bubbles probably don't work so well.
Todd K's "Walmart Mix"EditTodd Kamisugi has gotten very good results with a mix he developed from ingredients available at Walmart. The results which you can see in this video speak for themselves.
- 4 parts super miracle bubbles
- 1 part dawn classic
- 3 parts filtered water
- 1/4 part equate lube
- around 1/8 part glycerin
He mentions that he is in Hawaii and should probably list high humidity as an ingredient, too.
In the video, he is using 20 foot fishing poles (Kwik Stix Bream Poles purchased from WalMart) which are shown below. The loop is made from a single strand of Acrylic knitting yarn (also shown below). Todd mentions that the two end sections of the fishing poles needed to be removed because the wet loop was too heavy for the thin end sections.
Equipment used in the video
There is a thread about this recipe on SBF.
Mike's "Gooey Mix" [Giant Bubble Mix]EditMike Miller is the founder of SBF, the Soap Bubble Fanciers Yahoo Group whose beautiful videos speak for themselves. Mike recommends mixing this up as concentrate and mixing on site with distilled water. Mike has a lot of great video of his bubbles at his Bubble Project site.
Ingredients (for concentrate to be mixed with two gallons of water):
- 2 cups warm/hot tap pater
- 2 cups Dawn Pro (Dawn Manual Pot & Pan)
- 7 grams baking powder (not baking soda)
- 4 grams J-Lube powder
Pre-measure your powders.
Into a 4-cup (1 liter) or larger container (Mike uses a 4-cup measuring cup):
Pour in 2 cups of warm/hot tap water.
Add the 2 cups of Dawn Pro
Add 7 grams of baking powder
VERY QUICKLY add 4 grams J-Lube powder and immediately stir briskly with a large fork creating a convection-shaped motion within the mix rather trying not to froth/foam the surface. Continue beating until there are very few clumps left. This will take a minute or two with a healthy wrist.
When Mike mixes this up, he pours the concentrate into a gallon jug and repeats the steps 3 more times to create one gallon of concentrate.
To make the bubble juice, add two cups of concentrate to one gallon of distilled water. (Edward notes: unless you have really bad water, you should be able to use tap water without ill effect).
Mike notes that the concentrate seems to improve with age for at least a few weeks. He typically mixes it up the night before a bubbling session and will turn the jug end-over-end, jiggle and shake the jug of concentrate to before going to bed and before making bubbles the next day to make sure that it is well mixed. He uses cotton piping cord for his tri-string loops and fabulous garland wands. He prefers Wright's 6/32 inch Cotton Piping Cord which can be found at Joanne's Fabrics among other places. Note: this cord is also available as Wright's 6/32-inch Cotton Filler cord. As such it is often available in the sewing needs section of Walmart.
Lionel's UK RecipeEditLionel Stanhope provides this recipe from London with ingredients easily found in the UK with the aid of Ebay. The recipe makes 9 litres.
- Tap water
- 200 ml Fairy washing up liquid [Lionel likes the yellow version]
- 40 ml Glycerin
- 20 grams KY Jelly
- 4 ml (just under 1 teaspoon) J-Lube powder
Pour 1 liter of tap water into a saucepan with a capacity of at least 2 liters and bring to a boil. While the water is coming to a boil:
- Add 7 liters of hot tap water to a 10 liter bucket.
- Squeeze in 200 ml of Fairy washing up liquid.
- Add 40 ml of glycerin and stir gently with a long-handled wooden spoon.
Now, the saucepan should have come to a boil. Turn off the heat. Gently stir 20 grams of KY Jelly into the water until it has completely dissolved. Your water will be slightly cloudy. Start stirring again and add the JLube powder (while stirring with the other hand). Continue stirring until the J-Lube has dissolved and the solution is smooth. Add 1 liter cold water to the water/KY Jelly/J-Lube mix and stir. The addition of the cold water will cool and thicken the mix.
Pour the contents of the saucepan into the bucket that contains the water/Fairy/glycerin mix. Stir to mix. Be careful to avoid creating too much foam (i.e. create as little as possible. This mix is ready to go as soon as it is cool enough to handle. The solution may thicken or get a little stringy over time. If this happens, add a little water to balance it out.
HEC-Based Giant Bubble RecipeEdit
This recipe uses no PEO (the active ingredient in J-Lube) and yet can create giant bubbles that rival PEO-based solutions. HEC (the key ingredient in KY Jelly) is very easy to work with and this recipe can be mixed up shortly before it is used. You don't need to mix this up as concentrate. The amount of QP100MH is about 0.2% by weight.
16 parts very warm tap water
1 part Dawn Pro dishwashing liquid
8 grams of Dow Cellosize QP100MH (HEC) per gallon of water (not per gallon of juice)
3.2 grams of baking soda per gallon of water
1.6 grams of citric acid per gallon of water
Stir the warm water with a spoon and slowly add the dry ingredients until they are mixed. Gently stir in the detergent. The solution can be used right away but seems to improve over 15 minutes or so. This solution seems to work well in dry conditions when other mixes don't work -- probably due to the large proportion of water.
Other types of HEC can be used but you will probably need to use a bit more of other types than when using QP100MH. This solution is not terribly viscous but is more viscous than Jumbo Juice. It isn't clear how important the baking soda and citric acid is. My tap water has a pH between 8.5 and 9.1. It remains to be seen whether the solution behaves differently if the dry ingredients are added directly to the water or if they should be added to the water detergent mix. It has been suggested that the baking soda be added to the water and the citric acid added after all other ingredients have been mixed. But this has not yet been tested.
This is a new recipe. Please let us know about your results with it.
Read more here.
NOTE (April 3, 2011): Thommy is reporting that Natrosol 250HR is working nicely at 8 grams per gallon (actually 2 grams per liter) with 1 gram baking soda and .5 grams citric acid per liter. Since I don't have Natrosol 250HR, I can't say how this compares to the results that I am getting with the Cellosize QP100MH. I will update this entry when I have tested it.
NOTE (April 3, 2011): It is looking like the baking soda and citric acid make a difference -- at least when the humidity is low. Read more here.
Cost: One pound of the QP100MH makes roughly 60 gallons. So far, I have not found a source for the Dow Cellosize in reasonably small quantities (around a pound). I have found a few types of Natrosol available in small quantities. If the price is $30 for a pound ($20 plus shipping)(including shipping), that is 50 cents per gallon of bubble juice plus the cost fo the other ingredients (which is fairly nominal). Natrosol of various types is sometimes found on Ebay for as little as $10 per pound with shipping. Which lowers the cost to less than 20 cents per gallon. Of course, I am not yet sure how equivalent the Natrosol varieties are. I will update this as I get better information.
Big Bubbler's "2005 Homebrew" FormulaEdit
Comments in this formula originally by Big Bubbler (This is a wiki so who knows who wrote it last :-))This is a complicated mix that makes very large and somewhat light weight bubbles. This mix uses pretty easy to find ingredients. This mix does not keep well once fully mixed up, esp. if used (dirty)(maybe a couple weeks if stored cool but not too cold). This was the best mix I knew of in 2005. I think better mixes are being figured out by the folks on this Wiki :-).
It is good to remember, when you have a good mix, You still need special air qualities for the really big bubbles. If your formula is one that is supposed to be good for big bubbling and does not seem to be working, it is usually an air quality issue. The answer to "What's the best formula?" depends on Wand Size and Material, the conditions of the bubbling site and your bubbling goals. If I say I think something works better, that means I think it makes bigger bubbles. Any big bubbling mix should also work great for small bubbles as they are easy to make.When Proctor and Gambel (maker of Dawn and Joy) messed up the dishsoap formulas again (so our regular simple formulas quit working), we began to look for a new one. In 2005 "Ehud the Bubbleman" joined in the fun here in Oregon. He became somewhat obsessed with bubbling and with very open-minded bubble formula experiments. After hundreds of hours of testing my ideas and his ideas and those discussed on the Soapbubblefanciers Yahoo group, we came up with this formula that works well (even in light to medium rain)! This batch makes a pretty full 5 gallon bucketful: sorry, I don't have the metric conversions handy.
The Base Mix:
1 and 1/2 Gallons of steam distilled (only) or good quality very clean water
60 ounces Miracle Bubbles
40 ounces Super Miracle Bubbles
20 to 25 ounces Dawn Complete (Dishsoap), green or blue (Can be replaced with another P&G Dishsoap)
25 ounces Dawn Lift-Action, red (wildflower Medley) or Yellow (Can be replaced with another P&G Dishsoap)
This, I call the base mix. This seems to store pretty well and so I wait to add other stuff until I'm within a few days of bubble time (where I will use it up).
The "lubes": In advance, I mix up the "lubes" with another 2 gallons of water. Some of the "lubes" need to be premixed a day or more ahead.
2 and 1/2 ounces of Equate (personal Lubricant)(a walmart brand) into 1/2 Gallon of water. wallmart sucks and you may be able to substitute a pharmacy product called Surgilube.
4 ounces Astroglide (personal Lubricant), purple box into one gallon of water. (Found in the unmentionables department)
6 to 8 ounces Light Karo Corn Syrup into 1/2 Gallon of water.
Shake the lubes occasionally and before adding to the base mix. I often store a gallon or so of most of these premixed lubes for months without any noticible problems. The Karo Syrup is an exception as it does start to grow black stuff in the jug after a month or more.
The Beer: Lastly, one beer. We use an 11 ounce "Full Sail Session" Lager (5.1% alch.) The beer is not crucial, if it is not an option. Try your mix without it and then add it to see what you think. We think it helps.
Half as much Glycerine is often substituted for the corn syrup. "Mr Bubbles" bubble mix is often given higher reviews when compared to "Miracle Bubbles". My feeling is that the Mr. is a better product, however, it was not really available here in large amounts . I do not know if the 2005 mix would be better with the Mr.. Increasing the Dawn complete (while decreasing the Lift action) will make the mix more self-healing and better for bubble tricks. Useing a pure "powerful cleaning" type Joy or Dawn (no "Complete") is less forgiving but is best for making the biggest bubbles.
Adam's UK RecipeEdit
1800ml = Tap Water
150ml = Fairy Liquid (Green, Blue or Yellow)
100ml = Glycerin
10gr = Baking Powder
1gr = Xanthan Gum
1gr = Tylo Powder (sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, CMC)
0.4gr = Polyox (PEO)
Add the water and Fairy into a bucket. Sprinkle the baking powder while stirring the mix. Add 50ml Glycerin into a measuring jug or small bowl. Add all of the Xanthan and Tylo powders into the Glycerin while mixing with a spoon. Pour Glycerin and Xanthan/Tylo mix into the bucket while stirring the mixture. Add another 50ml Glycerin into a measuring jug or small bowl. Add the Polyox into the Glycerin while mixing with a spoon. Pour Glycerin and Polyox mix into the bucket while stirring the mixture and continue to stir for 3-4mins.
The string that I use with the above mixture is 7mm white 100% Cotton Piping Cord.
[EDWARD NOTES: Adam remarks that the Tylo powder is optional as his friend gets great results when omitting it. If you try this recipe, try with and without the Tylo powder and let us know what you think.]
Edward's Basic Recipe Sept. 2011Edit[As of Sept. 2011] This is my current basic giant bubble recipe. It is versatile and easy to mix up. It is a concentrate that you mix 1 to 3 with tap water. I measure out the ingredients for the concentate by weight but often dilute by volume as the proportions are such that it makes no noticeable difference unless you are very sloppy when measuring out the ingredients. You can use as little as half as much or as much as twice as much PEO. Try it with a range of amounts and see what you prefer. The proportions I give here are make about 8 fluid ounces of concentrate which is convenient for me when making up concentrate to give to friends. Simply multiply to make larger batches. I do not know how long the concentrate keeps as I tend to go through it pretty quickly. A question has been raised on SBF as to whether baking soda/citric acid may negatively influence shelf-life. This seems not to be the case as I have had mix that was left over after a session that worked fine more than one month later and concentrates that were fine after two months.
When diluted, this yields a solution that is 12.2 parts water to 1 part detergent and is .010% high molecular weight PEO. It also contains 1 gram baking soda per quart (liter) of water and .5 to .77 grams citric acid per quart of water. You will notice that I don't add any glycerine as I am finding that the amount of glycerine needed to benefit a dilute solution is so high as to be prohibitively expensive and the difference is pretty subtle when making giant bubbles outdoors.
13 grams BLM OR 10 grams 1% WSR301 solution OR 0.1 gram WSR301 OR 0.4 grams J-Lube
162 grams water (I used tap water)
69 grams Dawn Pro dishwasing detergent
1 gram baking soda
0.5 to 0.77 grams citric acid.
I sometimes add the baking soda to the water then add the PEO-containing stuff (BLM, WSR301, J-Lube, or whatever) then add the detergent and then add the citric acid. Sometimes I add the baking soda and citric acid together to the water and then add the other ingredients.